Daf Yomi In Motion #83-Chagigah Daf 26-Tumahs Am Haaretz
Stringency’s of Trumah Over Kodesh
The Rabbonen waved the Din of Tumahs Am Haaretz in certain cases, just in regards to Kodesh and not to Trumah.
Pottery sold by Am Haaretz Potter between the city of Modeiim and Jerusalem.
Small pottery was too widely used and the populace would not have been able to keep an enactment which forbade their use.
Jewish Tax Collectors and Genovim that returning stolen earthenware are trusted to declare that they didn’t touch the inside of the vessels.
Only a lone Jewish tax collector but not one together with an accompanying gentile.
in the presence of the gentile he will be afraid either of the goy or of the government and we believe in truth that he touched everything.
Only Genovim that are doing Tshuva (coming to return the object) are believed.
During the Regel even Am Haartzim that congregate together in Jerusalem obtain the status of “Chaver”. It’s from a Pusuk and is therefore either a Din Diorissa or an Asmachtah D’Rabbonen.
Therefore Vessels may be purchased from an Am Haaretz Potter in Jerusalem even for using with Trumah.
Rebbe Yehuda holds- since that during the Regel the Am Haaretzim don’t M’Tameh vessels it is therefore permitted to sell off left over goods ie. wine and oil to a Chaver even after the Regel and we don’t say that the wine and oil is Tumeh retroactively.
The Chachamim however hold that the merchant is only allowed to sell these vessels during the next coming Regel. At that time the vessels will be Tahor again.
At the end of a Regel the Cohanim cleaned up and were M’Taher the Azora of the Beis HaMikdosh.
They gathered all vessels, brought them to their place and Toveled (submerged) them.
All the vessels were Tomeh because the Am Haartzim were permitted to touch everything as we stated above.
After the Regel however everything became Tumeh retroactively.
During the Regel the Cohanim warned other Cohanim Am Haartzim not to touch the Shulchan HaPanim because it can leave its place and therefore isn’t able to be Toveled.
Resh Lakish holds that the Shulchan HaPanim was Mikable Tumah because it was a “Movable” wooden vessel M’Taltilin.
The Cohanim used to carry it to show the people the miracle that the bread was fresh and warm all week.)
Rebbe Yochanan held that it was Mikable Tumah because it was gold plated and had the status not as a stationary wooden vessel which is not Mikable but as a stationary metal vessel which is mikable tumah.